IUCN SSC’s  Ex situ guidelines

The IUCN Species Survival Commission published the “Guidelines on the Use of Ex situ Management for Species Conservation” (IUCN 2014), which provides guidance on whether and when to employ ex situ measures in a species conservation plan, the precise role(s) that the ex situ measures could play, and how to thoroughly integrate those activities into the overall conservation plan for the species. This integration can optimize environmental stewardship to decrease the risk of extinction.

 

 

CPSG and the One Plan approach

Integrated conservation planning takes advantage of a wide variety of backgrounds and expertise, with stakeholders and conservation scientists working together to consider critically needed conservation measures. The range of potential conservation measures considered can include both in situ and ex situ measures. The resulting action plan is considered an integrated conservation plan, even if after careful consideration of all available resources, no ex situ conservation measures are determined to be justified or necessary.

This holistic framework for species conservation planning, known as the One Plan approach”, was developed by the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s Conservation Planning Specialist Group (CPSG). The approach features direct involvement of all stakeholders, whenever possible – fishers, farmers, local community leaders, conservation scientists, relevant NGO representatives, government wildlife managers, and other experts with relevant expertise, such as veterinarians, – combined with science-based decision making to create a species or population conservation action plan (Byers et al. 2013).

 

 

The Reintroduction and Invasive Species Specialist Group’s Translocation Guidelines

Conservation translocation is the deliberate movement of organisms from one site for release in another. It must be intended to yield a measurable conservation benefit at the levels of a population, species or ecosystem, and not only provide benefit to translocated individuals. Conservation translocations consist of (i) reinforcement and reintroduction within a species’ indigenous range, and (ii) conservation introductions, comprising assisted colonisation and ecological replacement, outside indigenous range. Translocation is an effective conservation tool but its use either on its own or in conjunction with other conservation solutions needs rigorous justification. Feasibility assessment should include a balance of the conservation benefits against the costs and risks of both the translocation and alternative conservation actions. The Guidelines For Reintroductions and Other Conservation Translocations are designed to be applicable to the full spectrum of conservation translocations.

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